This is part 1 of a week long series of screencasts
Hey Everyone, I’m here to make a minor announcement. In the upcoming 7 days, I’m going to be releasing 5-7 screencasts on Django, mostly focused on debugging, and hopefully trying to throw in a couple of other useful ones that people might be interested it. This is my own way of helping people get ready for 1.0 and hopefully sharing some good tips on ways to use Django well. Please add you own comments and tips to the end of the posts! Please subscribe to my feed to get all of the screencasts (It’ll be worth it!)
Also a big thanks to Simon Willison who’s excellent debugging blog post got me started and interested in this stuff.
The first in the series is going to be how to use the Django error page to it’s fullest. It is a very useful piece of work (Thanks Wilson).
svn checkout http://django-command-extensions.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ django-command-extensions easy_install Werkzeug
Make sure that they are installed (on your PYTHONPATH) before continuing on.
The full video can be downloaded here (18MB H.264 .mov)
Debugging with the Django error page from Eric Holscher on Vimeo.
First off I fire up the debug server. Showing people how to use assert False. You use assert False when you just want to bring up a debug page to look at your context. It will bring up an AssertionError at the point where you put this code. assert False, foo brings up the error, showing whatever is in foo on the top of the error page.
The debug page is really useful because it contains a lot of useful information. It shows your entire ENVironment, including your GET, POST, COOKIES, PYTHONPATH, and lots of other good data. This information is really useful for debugging forms and session errors especially.
I then showed how to post your error to dpaste with one click in the error page. This is really handy for sharing your errors and tracebacks with people for them to help you debug your code.
“Part 2” of the screencast is about using the Werkzeug debugger for more debugging power. The command to run the Werkzeug debugger (with django-command-extensions) is:
./manage.py runserver_plus 126.96.36.199:8000 --settings settings_debug
with settings_debug.py being in the same file as your settings (and the current directory) containing:
from settings import * DEBUG = True INTERNAL_IPS = ['YOUR_IP']
whatismyip.com is a really handy utility for getting your external IP address. Then once you restart your debugging server, your error page should be the Werkzeug error page!
The Werkzeug error page is similiar to the django one, it has a traceback and all that good stuff. The killer feature however is that you can open up a python console at any of the places in your backtrace!
The dump() command inside the Werkzeug console is really handy. It will output a prettyprinted version of whatever you pass in. Allowing you to readily see what internal variables your object that you’re debugging has.
Remember this is powerful! NEVER use this in production! People will have access to all your data!! It is a very powerful debugging tool, which is a double-edged sword.
PS: I hope you enjoyed me floundering in that later part. I thought it showed the value in the debugger so I left it in :)
Stay tuned daily at my feed for posts everyday up until Django 1.0! Cheers.